Development and economic growth has historically been a very slow process. Many countries have been met with wealth inequality and political instability since gaining independence and have often become common traits within their economic landscape. Public programs and manufacturing industries have since become prime points of investment.
Latin America is widely regarded as one of the world’s most unequal regions in terms of income. Though there has been a steady decline in inequality rates since 2000, it remains staggered by factors such as a widespread reliance on the import/export of commodities and the rise of minimum wages. Ineffective tax systems and limited access to education also work against efforts to close this immense gap.
Public opinions on security vastly differ among person to person, so it can be difficult for many causes to establish a common political ground. However, regardless of the accuracy of public opinion, many nations within the region suffer from deficient information systems. This can deeply affect how the public views a given nation because it can cause much of the collected data to be unreliable based on varying degrees of inaccuracy.
A scattered understanding of crime patterns and the core issues these high rates calls for a drastic improvement of crime studies and their focal points. Domestic violence against women and crime within the police force are a few strong examples. Prosecution for crimes and possible alternatives could also work to the benefit of Latin America and future research.